Posted by: mmeazaw | March 26, 2011

Haile Gebrselassie, Heroes of Ethiopian athletics Era



Haile Gebrselassie

Gebrselassie at the 2010 Dubai Marathon

Personal information

Date of birth 18 April 1973 (1973-04-18) (age 37)

Place of birth Asella, Arsi Province, Ethiopia

Height 1.65 m (5 ft 5 in)

Weight 56 kg (123 lb)

Country  Ethiopia

RetiredNovember 7, 2010

Haile Gebrselassie (Amharic: ኃይሌ
ገብረ
ሥላሴ
?, haylē gebre silassē; born April 18, 1973) is an Ethiopian
long-distance track and road running
athlete. He won two Olympic gold medals over 10,000 metres and four World Championship titles in the event. He won the Berlin Marathon four times consecutively and also had three straight wins at the Dubai Marathon. Further to this, he won four world titles indoors and was the 2001 World Half Marathon Champion.

Gebrselassie had major competition wins at distances between 1500 metres and the marathon, moving from outdoor, indoor and cross country running to road running in the latter part of his career. He broke 61 Ethiopian National Records ranging from 800 meters to the marathon, set 27 world records, and is widely considered one of the greatest distance runners in history.[2][3][4][5][6]

In September 2008, at the age of 35, he won the Berlin Marathon with a world record time of 2:03:59, breaking his own world record by 27 seconds. Since he was over the age of 35, that mark also is the Masters Age group world record.

He announced his retirement from the sport on November 7, 2010[7] after dropping out of the 2010 New York City Marathon.[8] Days later, Gebrselassie posted to his Twitter account that he is reconsidering his decision and wants to run in the 2012 London Olympics.[9]

Early career

Gebrselassie was born as one of ten children in Asella, Arsi Province, Ethiopia. As a child growing up on a farm he used to run ten kilometres to school every morning, and the same back every evening. This led to a distinctive running posture, with his left arm crooked as if still holding his schoolbooks.[10]

Gebrselassie gained international recognition in 1992 when he won the 5000-metre and 10,000-metre races at the 1992 Junior World Championships in Seoul,[11] and a silver medal in the junior race at the World Cross Country Championships.

The next year, in 1993, Gebrselassie won the first of what would eventually be four consecutive world championships titles in the men’s 10,000 metres at the 1993, 1995, 1997, and 1999 World Championships. At the 1993 World Championships, he also ran in the 5,000-metre race to finish a close second behind Ismael Kirui of Kenya. In 1994 he won a bronze medal at the IAAF World Cross Country Championships. Later that year he set his first world record by running a 12:56.96 in the 5,000-metres, breaking Saïd Aouita‘s record by two seconds.


Haile competing on the track in Hengelo, the Netherlands

In 1995, Gebrselassie ran the 10,000-metres in 26:43.53 in Hengelo, Netherlands, lowering the world record by a full nine seconds. That same summer, in Zürich, Switzerland, Gebrselassie ran the 5000 metres in 12:44.39, ripping an astonishing 10.91 seconds off the world record 12:55.30 (established by Kenya’s Moses Kiptanui earlier in the year). This world record at the Weltklasse meet in Zürich was voted “Performance of the Year” for 1995 by Track & Field News magazine. At the same Weltklasse meet in Zürich in 1996, an exhausted Gebrselassie, suffering from blisters obtained on the hard track in Atlanta (where he had won the Olympic 10,000 metres gold), had no answer to the 58-second lap of Daniel Komen with five laps to go as Komen went on to win and just miss Gebrselassie’s record, finishing in 12:45.09. In 1997, Gebrselassie turned the tables on Komen at the same meet. Coming off his third 10K world championship gold medal, Gebrselassie beat Komen in another Zürich classic on August 13, 1997, covering the final 200 metres in 26.8 seconds to break his 5,000 metres world record with a time of 12:41.86. Komen, in turn, took Gebrselassie’s record only nine days later when Komen ran a 12:39.74 performance in Belgium.

Middle career

The next year, 1998, saw Gebrselassie lowering the indoor world records for 2,000 and 3,000 metres, enjoying success outdoors by taking back both the 5,000 and 10,000 metres world records, as well as earning a share in the Golden League jackpot for winning all of his races in the Golden League series that summer. In June 1998, in Hengelo, Netherlands, Gebrselassie set a 10,000 metres world record 26:22.75, breaking Paul Tergat‘s world record 26:27.85, running evenly paced 13:11/13:11 5K splits.

Just 13 days later, Gebrselassie took on the 5,000 metres mark of Komen in Helsinki, Finland. Croatian pacemaker Branko Zorko took the pace out slowly, hitting 1000 metres in 2:33.91 and dropping out at the mile. Million Wolde and Assefa Mezgebu led Gebrselassie through 2,000 metres in 5:05.62. His pacemakers could not maintain the pace, though, and Gebrselassie was left alone for a difficult solo effort six laps out. Hitting 3,000 metres in 7:38.93, even the British commentators announcing the race counted him out. With four laps to go (8:40.00), Gebrselassie needed a sub-4 minute final 1,600 metres for the record. With one lap to go and in great pain, Gebrselassie took off, recording a final lap of 56.77 seconds and a final 1,600 metres of 3:59.36 (= 4:00.96 mile) to race to a 12:39.36 world record.

In 1999, Gebrselassie starred as himself in the movie Endurance. The film chronicled his quest to win Olympic gold in the 10,000 metres in Atlanta. On the track, he won a 1500/3000 metres double at the World Indoor Track Championships, defended his Outdoor World Track Championships 10,000 metres title, and remained undefeated in all his races (which ranged from the 1,500 up to 10,000 metres).

In 2000, Gebrselassie again won all of his races, ranking first in the world yet again in both the 5,000 and 10,000 metres. At the 2000 Sydney Olympics, he became the third man in history to successfully defend an Olympic 10,000 metres title (after Emil Zátopek and Lasse Virén). The narrow Olympic victory over Kenya’s Paul Tergat came down to a blistering final kick, with Tergat’s 26.3 second final 200 metres being topped by Gebrselassie’s even faster 25.4. The winning margin of victory was only 0.09 seconds, closer than the winning margin in the men’s 100 metre dash final.

In 2001, Gebrselassie won the IAAF World half marathon and the bronze medal in the 10,000 metres at the 2001 World Championships in Athletics. In the same year, he also worked with Peter Middlebrook and Abi Masefield he conceptualized the Great Ethiopian Run, which was latterly supported by Brendan Foster, British runner Richard Nerurkar the British ambassador to Ethiopia Myles Wickstead.

On August 30, 2003, Gebrselassie topped the polls when elected as a member of the IAAF Athletes Commission. Also in 2003, at the World Championships in Paris, Gebrselassie was involved in one of the most remarkable 10,000 metres races of all time while gaining a silver medal behind countryman and protégé Kenenisa Bekele. The last half of the 10,000 metres final at the championships was completed in a staggering 12:57.24 (12:57.2 for Bekele and 12:58.8 for Gebrselassie). According to the IAAF, “Not only was this split the fastest closing 5,000 metres in the championships 10,000m (the previous record was 13:12.12, recorded in Atlanta), but it was also the fastest 5,000 metres in a global championships surpassing the 12:58.13 Salah Hissou recorded when he won the 5,000m in Sevilla’99.” (This remark remained true until a week later when the World Athletic Championships 5,000 metres medalists (including Bekele) all ran faster than the second 5,000 metres split in the previous week’s 10,000 metres.) “The difference between the closing 5,000 metres splits (12:57.24) and the 5,000 metres World record (12:39.36) was 17.98 seconds, which is a record. The previous best of 18.4 seconds (13:31.4 for the closing 5,000 metres when the World Record was 13:13.0) was recorded in the 1976 Olympics.”[12]

In the 2004 Athens Olympics, Gebrselassie sought to become the first man in history to win three straight Olympic gold medals in the 10,000 metres. He was unable to do so, however, he finished fifth in a race won by his compatriot Kenenisa Bekele, who had broken both of Gebrselassie’s major track world records, the 5,000 metres and the 10,000 metres records. Shortly before the Athens games, Gebrselassie was unable to train for three weeks due to inflammation of his Achilles tendon. The injury was severe enough that he would not have competed otherwise, but did so because of significant pressure from his country. This loss of the final period of training likely cost him a medal.[13][14]

Later career

Haile Gebrselassie in New York in 2003

Since leaving the track after the 2004 Olympics, Gebrselassie has focused on road racing and the marathon. His adult marathons to date include London 2002 (3rd place), Amsterdam 2005 (1st place), London 2006 (9th place), Berlin 2006 (1st place), Fukuoka 2006 (1st place), London 2007 (dnf), Berlin 2007 (1st place and World Record), Dubai 2008 (1st place), Berlin 2008 (1st place and another World Record), Dubai 2009 (1st place) Berlin 2009 (1st place), Dubai 2010 (1st place), and NYC 2010 (dnf).

In 2002, Gebrselassie made his debut at the marathon at the London Marathon. He started the race with a very fast pace, within world record time. He was unable to hold it, however, as world record holder Khalid Khannouchi and Paul Tergat both eventually passed him. Khannouchi broke his own world record, while Gebrselassie finished third.[15]


Haile shortly before winning the Amsterdam Marathon

In 2005 Gebrselassie went undefeated in all of his road races. This included a British All-Comers record in the 10K at Manchester (27:25), a win in the Amsterdam Marathon in the fastest marathon time in the world for 2006 (2:06:20), and a new world best for 10 miles in Tilburg Ten Miles race, The Netherlands (44:24). (His unofficial split of 41:22 at the 15K mark was 7 seconds faster than the official world best.)

Gebrselassie started 2006 positively by beating the world half marathon record by a full 21 seconds, recording a time of 58 minutes and 55 seconds on January 15. He broke the record, his first one on American soil, by running the half marathon of the Rock ‘n’ Roll Arizona Marathon. During the race he also broke Paul Tergat’s 20 km record, both records having stood since 1998. (Gebrselassie passed the 20 km mark in 55:48.) That year also marked another victory for Gebrselassie as he shattered the 25 km world road record (albeit in non-IAAF ratified fashion) by 68 seconds in a time of 1:11.37. The race was organized where Gebrselassie and six other runners would run 5 kilometres and then cross the starting line of the 20-K Alphen race in Alphen aan den Rijn of the Netherlands.

On April 23, 2006, he finished ninth in the London Marathon with a time of 2:09:05 (the race was won by Kenyan Felix Limo, who clocked 2:06:39). Gebrselassie referred to the ninth-place finish as “the worst race of my career”.[16] However, on September 24 he came back with a win in the Berlin Marathon in the fastest time of the year, 2:05:56. His time in Berlin made him only the fifth man in history to run under 2:06 for the marathon. This was followed by a win in the Fukuoka Marathon in Japan in 2:06:52.

In London on April 22, 2007, Gebrselassie challenged the 2006 London Marathon winner Felix Limo, 2005 London Marathon winner Martin Lel, 2004 Athens gold medalist Stefano Baldini, 2006 New York Marathon winner Marílson Gomes dos Santos, and the then marathon world record holder Paul Tergat in what organizers anticipated would be an exciting race.[17] However Gebrselassie dropped out at the 18 mile stage complaining of a stitch and inability to breathe, which turned out to be an allergic reaction to the pollen in the air. This left the 2005 winner Martin Lel to come home in first place.

One month later, Gebrselassie made a surprise return to the track for the first of two stadium races that summer. In the first, he ran a 26:52.81 in finishing fifth in a very competitive 10,000 metres race in Hengelo, The Netherlands. Then, on June 27, 2007, Gebrselassie launched an attack upon the world record for the one hour run, in Ostrava, Czech Republic. This record attempt was successful as Gebrselassie passed the hour mark at 21,285 m (13 miles 397 yards), eclipsing the previous best of 21,101 m, set by Mexican Arturo Barrios in La Flèche, France, on March 30, 1991. Furthermore, Gebrselassie covered 50 laps (20,000 m) in 56:25.98, another world best, well within the previous 56:55.6 also set by Barrios in 1991. These were his 23rd and 24th world records.

Gebrselassie made his running debut in New York City when he won the New York City Half Marathon on August 5, 2007, in 59:24, breaking the previous course record by two minutes. His win in the Lisbon Half Marathon (59:15) in March 2008 gave him a perfect record of 9–0 in winning all of his half marathons. He lost his first half marathon in Den Haag (14 March 2009), when he was beaten by Sammy Kitwara (59:47 for Kitwara, 59:50 for Haile)


Haile competing at the 2009 FBK Games in Hengelo

On September 30, 2007, Gebrselassie won the Berlin Marathon in 2:04:26[18] (4:44.8 per mile), setting the world record and shaving 29 seconds off Paul Tergat‘s record, set on the same course in 2003. His victory further energized the celebrations of the Ethiopian Millennium (unique to the Ethiopian calendar), which began on September 12, 2007.

Prior to the 2008 Dubai Marathon, his manager suggested that Gebrselassie would be able to run a sub 2:04 time for a new world record. While Gebrselassie agreed that a sub 2:04 was possible, he stated that the conditions would need to be perfect for such a time.[19] The event was held on January 18, 2008, and was won by Gebrselassie in a time of 2:04:53, making it the second fastest marathon in history. However the early pace had been too fast and he was unable to continue at that speed, resulting in a time 27 seconds short of his own world record.[20]

At the Hengelo FBK-Games on May 24, Gebrselassie ran 26:51.20 for the 10,000 meters to finish a close second behind countryman Sileshi Sihine‘s 26:50.53. Along with his 10,000 meter performances in 2003, 2004, and 2007, Gebrselassie is the only man older than 30 years of age to break 27 minutes in the 10,000 metres; his nine career sub 27 minute 10,000 meter performances is more than any other athlete has run.

Because of Beijing‘s air pollution levels, Gebrselassie decided to withdraw from the marathon at the 2008 Beijing Olympics. He suffers from asthma and said that running in such conditions might be harmful for his health.[21] Gebrselassie later admitted that he regretted the decision as the Beijing air was cleaner than expected.[22] He did, however, run the 10,000 meters, finishing sixth with a time of 27:06.68. The gold medal went to his countryman and current world record holder, Kenenisa Bekele.[23] The following month, on 28 September 2008, he defended his Berlin Marathon title, averaging 2:56.5 per kilometer (4:43.7 per mile) for a time of 2:03:59, breaking his own world record by 27 seconds.


Haile after winning the 2010 Great Manchester Run

Gebrselassie won the Dubai Marathon on January 16, 2009, but fell short of breaking his own world record that he had set four months earlier on the flat course. He finished in 2:05:29, well ahead of countryman Deressa Chimsa. In September that year, he won the Berlin Marathon for the fourth consecutive time. He attempted to break the world record he had set the previous year but, despite a quick start, warm conditions saw him finish in 2:06:08, two minutes away from his best mark. He did, however, pass the 30-kilometer point in 1:27:49, which is a new world record for a road 30K [24][25]

In 2010 he tried to attack his own world record for the third consecutive time at the Dubai Marathon 2010. Although he won the race with a time of 2:06:09, he failed to break his 18-month world record. In a post-race interview he revealed that he had suffered back pain, requiring intensive pre-race physiotherapy, resulting from having slept in a bad position.[26] His problems continued at the NYC Half Marathon, where he pulled up mid-race visibly uncomfortable in his running.[27] He had an easy victory in the inaugural edition of the 10K de Madrid in April.[28] He scored his third victory at the Great Manchester Run the following month, although he missed out on Micah Kogo’s course record.[29] He followed this with his first win at the Great North Run in September, finishing the half marathon in a time of 59:33 minutes.[30]

He is also mentor and ambassador for the G4S 4teen, a programme supporting 14 young athletes.[31]

Retirement announcement and reversal

On November 7, after dropping out of the 2010 New York City Marathon with an inflamed knee, Gebrselassie announced his retirement.[32] Days later, he posted to his Twitter account that he is reconsidering his decision and wants to run in the 2012 London Olympics.[33] Gebrselassie had stated previously that after retiring he would like to enter politics.[34]

Achievements

  • All results regarding marathon, unless stated otherwise
Year

Competition

Venue

Position

Event

Notes

Representing  Ethiopia
2002

London Marathon

3rd

2:06:35

2005

Amsterdam Marathon

1st

2:06:20

2006

London Marathon

9th

2:09:31

2006

Berlin Marathon

1st

2:05:56

2006

Fukuoka Marathon

1st

2:06:52

2007

London Marathon

DNF

DNF

2007

Berlin Marathon

1st

2:04:26

2008

Dubai Marathon

1st

2:04:53

2008

Berlin Marathon

1st

2:03:59

2009

Dubai Marathon

1st

2:05:29

2009

Berlin Marathon

1st

2:06:08

2010

Dubai Marathon

1st

2:06:09

2010

New York City Marathon

DNF

DNF

Major honours

World Record and ‘World Best’ performances

Distance

Mark

Date

Location

Notes

5000 meters

12:56.96

4 June 1994

Hengelo, Netherlands
Two miles

8:07.46

28 May 1995

Kerkrade, Netherlands Third fastest time ever
10,000 meters

26:43.53

5 June 1995

Hengelo, Netherlands
5,000 meters

12:44.39

16 August 1995

Zurich, Switzerland
5,000 meters

13:10.98

27 January 1996

Sindelfingen, Germany, indoors
3,000 meters

7:30.72

4 February 1996

Stuttgart, Germany, indoors
5,000 meters

12:59.04

20 February 1997

Stockholm, Sweden indoors
Two miles

8:01.08

31 May 1997

Hengelo, Netherlands
10,000 meters

26:31.32

4 July 1997

Oslo, Norway
5,000 meters

12:41.86

13 August 1997

Zurich, Switzerland
3,000 meters

7:26.15

25 January 1998

Karlsruhe, Germany indoors
2,000 meters

4:52.86

15 February 1998

Birmingham, UK indoors
10,000 meters

26:22.75

1 June 1998

Hengelo, Netherlands
5,000 meters

12:39.36

13 June 1998

Helsinki, Finland
5,000 meters

12:50.38

14 February 1999

Birmingham, UK indoors
10 kilometers

27:02

11 December 2002

Doha, Qatar road race
Two miles

8:04.69

21 February 2003

Birmingham, UK, indoors
15 kilometers

41:22

4 September 2005

Tilburg, Netherlands road race, not IAAF-ratified
10 miles

44:24

4 September 2005

Tilburg, Netherlands road race, world best
20 kilometres

55:48

15 January 2006

Tempe, Arizona, US en route to half-marathon
Half marathon

58:55

15 January 2006

Tempe, Arizona, US
25 kilometers

1:11:37

12 March 2006

Alphen aan den Rijn, Netherlands road race, not IAAF-ratified – no post-race EPO test
One hour run

21,285 m

27 June 2007

Ostrava, Czech Republic
Marathon

2:04:26

30 September 2007

Berlin, Germany
Marathon

2:03:59

28 September 2008

Berlin, Germany current world record
30 kilometers

1:27:49

20 September 2009

Berlin, Germany en route to marathon

Personal bests

Outdoors

Distance

Mark

Date

Location

1,500 meters

3:33.73

6 June 1999

Stuttgart
Mile

3:52.39

27 June 1999

Gateshead
3,000 meters

7:25.09

28 August 1998

Brussels
Two miles

8:01.08

31 May 1997

Hengelo
5,000 meters

12:39.36

13 June 1998

Helsinki
10,000 meters

26:22.75

1 June 1998

Hengelo
10 km (road)

27:02

11 December 2002

Ad-Dawhah
15 km (road)

41:38

11 November 2001

Nijmegen
Ten miles (road)

44:24

4 September 2005

Tilburg
20,000 meters (track)

56:26.0

27 June 2007

Ostrava, Czech Republic
One hour (track)

21,285 m

27 June 2007

Ostrava, Czech Republic
20 km (road)*

55:48

15 January 2006

Phoenix
Half marathon

58:55

15 January 2006

Phoenix
25 km (road)

1:11:37

12 March 2006

Alphen aan den Rijn (not recognised by IAAF)
Marathon world record

2:03:59

28 September 2008

Berlin

Indoors

Distance

Mark

Date

Location

1,500 meters

3:31.76

1 February 1998

Stuttgart
2,000 meters

4:52.86

15 February 1998

Birmingham
3,000 meters

7:26.15

25 January 1998

Karlsruhe
Two miles

8:04.69

21 February 2003

Birmingham
5,000 meters

12:50.38

14 February 1999

Birmingham

Medal and records

Cross Country World Championships

Bronze    1994 Budapest    Long race men

World Indoor Championships

Gold    2003 Birmingham    3000 m

Gold    1999 Maebashi    3000 m

Gold    1999 Maebashi    1500 m

Gold    1997 Paris    3000 m

World Championships

Gold    1999 Seville    10000 m

Gold    1997 Athens    10000 m

Gold    1995 Gothenburg    10000 m

Gold    1993 Stuttgart    10000 m

Silver    2003 Paris    10000 m

Silver    1993 Stuttgart    5000 m

Bronze    2001 Edmonton    10000 m

Men’s athletics

Olympic Games

Gold    2000 Sydney    10000 m

Gold    1996 Atlanta    10000 m

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Categories